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Menopause and Climacteric

Menopause refers to a final end of menstruation while climacteric means the period at which the woman gradually changes from the reproductive life into one of senescence. Menopause is also referred by the laity as 'the change of life'. However, both the terms are often synonymously used, menopause being the popular term used. 

Physiological Changes in Climacteric or Menopause and Postmenopausal age.

Genital- Progressive atrophy of genital organs occurs with more and more deposition of fibrous tissue in them.

Ovary- They go small (5 gm. each), fibrotic with furrowed surface, Follicles get exhausted. Ovarian Vessels become sclerosed. Cortical stromal hyperplasia is a frequent finding due to high LH level in women aged 40¬46 years. Ovarian stroma becomes a cause of a few androgens.

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Physical. Body weight decreases after 65 years. There is the decrease in cell mass of organs. Skin wrinkles become less elastic with hair appearing on a face. For more information about the Menopause effects, you can also visit http://aimwellnessclinic.com/menopause/

Digestive. Hypochlorhydria develops. Motor activity of entire alimentary tract diminishes resulting in dyspepsia and constipation in postmenopausal women. Bladder and urethral epithelial atrophy.

Menstrual Symptoms. This occurs in forms of 

(a) the progressive scanty menstrual loss followed by cessation of menses,

 (b) menses at prolonged intervals finally ceasing,

 (c) sudden cessation of menses. Prior to menopause menstrual cycles become anovulatory. Any excessive menstrual loss or irregular hemorrhage is not menopausal as in commonly believed by the lay public but is due to some pelvic pathology.